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    Jasper, Alberta

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    Jump to: navigation,search

    For other uses, see Jasper (disambiguation).

    Jasper

    Specialized municipality

    Municipality of Jasper

    Viewof Jasper from the summit of The Whistlers

    Jasper

    Locationof Jasper in Alberta

    Coordinates:52°52′23″N118°04′56″W / 52.87306°N118.08222°W / 52.87306; -118.08222Coordinates:52°52′23″N118°04′56″W / 52.87306°N 118.08222°W / 52.87306; -118.08222

    Country

    Canada

    Province

    Alberta

    Region

    Alberta's Rockies

    Census division

    15

    Founded

    1813

    Incorporated [1]

    - Improvement district

    August 31, 1995

    -Specialized municipality

    July20, 2001

    Government[2]

    • Mayor

    RichardIreland

    • Governingbodies

    JasperMunicipal Council & Parks Canada

    • CAO

    MarkFercho

    • MP

    JimEglinski

    • MLA

    Robin Campbell

    Area (2011)[3]

    • Total

    925.52 km2(357.35 sq mi)

    Elevation[4]

    1,060 m(3,480 ft)

    Population(2011)[3]

    • Total

    4,051

    • Density

    4.4/km2(11/sq mi)

    Time zone

    MST (UTC−7)

    • Summer(DST)

    MDT (UTC−6)

    Postalcode span

    T0E

    Area code(s)

    +1-780

    Highways

    Yellowhead Highway

    Icefield Parkway

    Waterways

    AthabascaRiver

    MietteRiver

    Website

    Official website

    Jasper is a specialized municipality inwestern Alberta,Canada. It isthe commercial centre of Jasper National Park, located in the CanadianRockies in the Athabasca River valley. Jasper is approximately 362kilometres (225 mi) west of Edmonton and290 kilometres (180 mi) north of Banff,Alberta at the intersection of the Yellowhead Highway (Highway 16) and the IcefieldsParkway (Highway 93).

    The Municipality of Jasper, comprising the Jasper townsite known as theTown of Jasper[5] and a surrounding rural service area,[6] was established as a specialized municipality on July 20, 2001.[5] Governance is shared between the municipality and the federalParksCanada agency.[7]

    Contents

    [hide]

    1 History

    2 Geography

    2.1 Climate

    3 Demographics

    4Transportation

    5 Education

    6 Media

    7Notable residents

    8Sister city relations

    9 See also

    10References

    11External links

    History[edit]

    Established in 1813, Jasper House was first a North West Company, and later Hudson's Bay Company, fur tradeoutpost on the York Factory Express trade route to what wasthen called "New Caledonia" (now BritishColumbia), and Fort Vancouver in ColumbiaDistrict on the lower Columbia River.[8]

    Jasper National Park was established in 1907. The railwaysiding at the location of the future townsite was established by Grand Trunk Pacific Railway in 1911 andoriginally named Fitzhugh after a Grand Trunk vice president[9] (along the Grand Trunk's"alphabet" line). The Canadian Northern Railway also beganservice to Fitzhugh in 1912.[10] The townsite was surveyed in 1913 by H. Matheson,[10] and subsequently renamed Jasper after the former fur trade post. An internment camp was set up at Dominion Park in Jasper from February 1916 toAugust 1916.[11]

    By 1931, Jasper was accessible by road from Edmonton, andin 1940 the scenic Icefields Parkway opened, connecting Lake Louise and Jasper.

    Geography[edit]

    DowntownJasper

    Jasper is located in the AthabascaRiver valley, at the confluence with MietteRiver. It lies between the Victoria Cross Ranges (northwest), Pyramid Mountain (north), MaligneRange (southeast) and Indian Ridge (southwest). Jasper is connected to thewest via the Yellowhead Highway and the YellowheadPass to Prince George and to the east to Edmonton.Toward the south, the Icefield Parkway leads to Banffand Banff National Park.

    Located near Jasper are Pyramid Lake and Patricia Lake, as well as Lake Annette, Lake Edith, LacBeauvert, Maligne Lake, Medicine Lake and numerous other smallerlakes. The Jasper Skytram, which takes visitors to The Whistlers' summit, and the MarmotBasin ski resort are also located near the town, as is the Fairmont JasperPark Lodge. The Jasper-Yellowhead Museum and Archives islocated in the Jasper town site, as is the Jasper Visitor Centre.

    Climate[edit]

    Jasper experiences a subarcticclimate (Köppen climate classificationDfc)that borderwwwtongbao108.coms on a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb).

    [show]Climatedata for Jasper (1981−2010)

    Month

    Jan

    Feb

    Mar

    Apr

    May

    Jun

    Jul

    Aug

    Sep

    Oct

    Nov

    Dec

    Year

    Record high °C (°F)

    13.3

    (55.9)

    16.5

    (61.7)

    20.0

    (68)

    26.5

    (79.7)

    30.4

    (86.7)

    32.8

    (91)

    36.7

    (98.1)

    35.0

    (95)

    32.4

    (90.3)

    27.2

    (81)

    16.7

    (62.1)

    15.0

    (59)

    36.7

    (98.1)

    Average high °C (°F)

    −3.3

    (26.1)

    −0.4

    (31.3)

    5.7

    (42.3)

    10.9

    (51.6)

    16.1

    (61)

    19.6

    (67.3)

    21.9

    (71.4)

    21.7

    (71.1)

    16.7

    (62.1)

    10.0

    (50)

    0.4

    (32.7)

    −4.7

    (23.5)

    9.6

    (49.3)

    Daily mean °C (°F)

    −8.0

    (17.6)

    −5.8

    (21.6)

    −0.4

    (31.3)

    4.5

    (40.1)

    9.4

    (48.9)

    13.1

    (55.6)

    15.2

    (59.4)

    14.6

    (58.3)

    10.0

    (50)

    4.4

    (39.9)

    −4.0

    (24.8)

    −9.1

    (15.6)

    3.6

    (38.5)

    Average low °C (°F)

    −12.7

    (9.1)

    −11.2

    (11.8)

    −6.5

    (20.3)

    −2.0

    (28.4)

    2.6

    (36.7)

    6.6

    (43.9)

    8.4

    (47.1)

    7.4

    (45.3)

    3.2

    (37.8)

    −1.3

    (29.7)

    −8.3

    (17.1)

    −13.5

    (7.7)

    −2.3

    (27.9)

    Record low °C (°F)

    −46.7

    (−52.1)

    −43.3

    (−45.9)

    −36.7

    (−34.1)

    −28.9

    (−20)

    −13.9

    (7)

    −6.7

    (19.9)

    −1.7

    (28.9)

    −3.0

    (26.6)

    −11.1

    (12)

    −28.7

    (−19.7)

    −38.8

    (−37.8)

    −42.2

    (−44)

    −46.7

    (−52.1)

    Average precipitation mm (inches)

    23.4

    (0.921)

    14.3

    (0.563)

    16.8

    (0.661)

    19.7

    (0.776)

    31.1

    (1.224)

    51.0

    (2.008)

    63.8

    (2.512)

    64.5

    (2.539)

    33.7

    (1.327)

    30.5

    (1.201)

    24.4

    (0.961)

    19.5

    (0.768)

    392.6

    (15.457)

    Average rainfall mm (inches)

    6.1

    (0.24)

    3.8

    (0.15)

    6.2

    (0.244)

    13.2

    (0.52)

    30.4

    (1.197)

    50.4

    (1.984)

    63.8

    (2.512)

    64.6

    (2.543)

    32.2

    (1.268)

    23.1

    (0.909)

    9.4

    (0.37)

    2.2

    (0.087)

    305.2

    (12.016)

    Average snowfall cm (inches)

    23.9

    (9.41)

    14.7

    (5.79)

    15.0

    (5.91)

    8.1

    (3.19)

    0.75

    (0.295)

    0.57

    (0.224)

    0.0

    (0)

    0.0

    (0)

    2.5

    (0.98)

    9.3

    (3.66)

    20.8

    (8.19)

    24.4

    (9.61)

    120.0

    (47.24)

    Mean monthly sunshinehours

    71.7

    98.4

    164.4

    199.6

    227.1

    226.1

    251.5

    237.3

    177.2

    131.0

    71.8

    56.5

    1,912.5

    Percent possiblesunshine

    28.2

    35.5

    44.8

    47.8

    46.4

    44.8

    49.6

    51.9

    46.4

    39.7

    27.4

    23.7

    40.5

    Source: EnvironmentCanada[12]

    Demographics[edit]

    TheJasper Information Centre

    In the 2011 Census, the Municipality of Jasperhad a population of 4,051 living in 1,399 of its 1,615 total dwellings, a -5%change from its 2006 population of 4,265.[3] Statistics Canadasubsequently amended the 2011 census results to a population of 4,432 living in1,606 of its 1,819 total dwellings, a 3.9% change from 2006.[13] With a land area of 925.52 km2 (357.35 sq mi), it had apopulation density of 4.8/km2 (12.4/sq mi) in 2011.[3][13]

    Municipality of Jasper populationbreakdown – 2011 municipal census[14][15]

    Component

    Permanent

    population

    Shadow

    population

    Total

    population

    Townof Jasper

    unpublished

    4,152

    Ruralservice area

    unpublished

    1,084

    Total Municipality ofJasper

    4,584

    652

    5,236

    The population of the Municipality of Jasper according toits 2011 municipal census is 5,236,[14] a 10.3% increase over its 2008 municipal census population of 4,745.[16] Jasper's 2011 population of 5,236 comprises 4,584 permanent and 652non-permanent residents,[14] while its 2007 census counted 4,235 permanent and 510 non-permanentresidents.[16]

    In 2006, Jasper had a population of 4,265 living in 1,817 dwellings, a 2.0%increase from 2001. The specialized municipality has a land area of925.52 km2 (357.35 sq mi) and a population density of 4.6/km2 (12/sq mi).[17]

    According to the 2001 census, Jasper had a population of 4,180 (down from 4,301 in 1996) on a land area of925.43 km2 (357.31 sq mi).[18] The population density was 4.5/km2 (11.65/sq mi), and the medianhousehold income was $53,485. An average value of private dwelling of $247,658was registered in 2001.

    Transportation[edit]

    Jasper railway station, seen from Connaught Drive

    Jasper railway station is served by Via Railwith two passenger services. TheCanadian and the Jasper – Prince Rupert train bothoperate three times per week.[19]

    Jasper Airport is located 7.2 nauticalmiles (13.3 km; 8.3 mi) north of Jasper.

    Education[edit]

    Grande Yellowhead PublicSchool Division No. 77

    Jasper Elementary School (K–6 English & French Immersion)

    Jasper Junior Senior High School(7–12 English & French Immersion)

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    Greater NorthCentral Francophone Education Region No. 2

    École Desrochers (K–12)

    Media[edit]

    Newspapers

    TheFitzhugh (locally-owned weekly)

    JasperBooster (weekly) (The Booster hasceased publication. It printed its last issue on March 11, 2009.)

    Radio Stations

    CJAG-FM92.3 Athabasca Hotel

    CFXP-FM95.5 Newcap Broadcasting

    CBXJ-FM98.1 CBC Radio One

    Notable residents[edit]

    IanHerbers, NHL hockey player

    JohnHilworth, NHL hockey player

    ErinKarpluk, actress

    WyattTremblay, editorial cartoonist

    Brian Young,[20] NHL hockey player

    Sister city relations[edit]

    - Hakone, Kanagawa, since July 4, 1972[21]

    See also[edit]

    List of communities in Alberta

    Specialized municipalitiesof Alberta

    References[edit]

    WikimediaCommons has media related to Jasper, Alberta.

    1.Jumpup ^Alberta Municipal Affairs (2010-09-17)."MunicipalProfile – Municipality of Jasper". Retrieved 2010-10-02.

    2.Jump up^"MunicipalOfficials Search". Alberta Municipal Affairs. October 2,2015. Retrieved October 4, 2015.

    3.^ Jumpup to: abcd"Populationand dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and censussubdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Alberta)".Statistics Canada.2012-02-08. Retrieved 2012-02-08.

    4.Jump up^"AlbertaPrivate Sewage Systems 2009 Standard of Practice Handbook: Appendix A.3 AlbertaDesign Data (A.3.A. Alberta Climate Design Data by Town)"(PDF) (PDF). Safety Codes Council. January 2012.pp. 212–215 (PDF pages 226–229). Retrieved October 8, 2013.

    5.^ Jumpup to: ab"Orderin Counci博盈亚洲娱乐城l 279/2001"(PDF). Governmentof Alberta. 2001-07-24.Retrieved 2012-11-25.

    6.Jumpup ^"JasperSustainable Community Plan"(PDF). Municipalityof Jasper and ParksCanada. September 2011. Retrieved 2012-11-25.

    7.Jump up^Municipality of Jasper- Governance

    8.Jump up^Parks Canada- Jasper House National Historic Site

    9.Jump up^http://albertajasper.com/Jasper-Alberta-Information-Centre-History.htmlz

    10.^ Jumpup to: abLothian, W.F. (1987).A Brief History of Canada'sNational Parks. Environment Canada.

    11.Jump up^"InternmentCamps in Canada during the First and Second World Wars, Library and ArchivesCanada".

    12.Jumpup ^"Jasper,Alberta". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada.Retrieved October 26, 2013.

    13.^ Jumpup to: ab"Correctionsand updates". Statistics Canada. August 13, 2013. RetrievedAugust 17, 2013.

    14.^ Jumpup to: abc"2011Municipal Affairs Population List"(PDF). AlbertaMunicipal Affairs. 2010-10-05.Retrieved 2011-12-12.

    15.Jump up^"Municipalityof Jasper Regular Meeting Agenda, Tuesday, September 6, 2011 (Agenda Item7.1)"(PDF). Municipality of Jasper.2011-09-06. p. 4. Retrieved 2012-11-25.

    16.^ Jumpup to: ab"2010Official Population List"(PDF). AlbertaMunicipal Affairs. 2010-09-15.Retrieved 2011-12-12.

    17.Jumpup ^StatisticsCanada. "Canada2006 Census: Jasper - Community Profile". Retrieved 2007-06-11.

    18.Jump up^JasperCommunity Profile - Statistics Canada. 2002. 2001 Community Profiles.Released June 27, 2002. Last modified: 2005-11-30.Statistics CanadaCatalogue no. 93F0053XIE

    19.Jump up^Via Rail. "Jasperstation". Retrieved 2007-06-22.

    20.Jump up^NHLPlayers from Jasper, Alberta | QuantHockey.com Retrieved on March 19, 2011

    21.Jump up^"SisterCity". Retrieved 3 December 2014.

    External links[edit]

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jasper,_Alberta

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